Học cách sử dụng ánh sáng studio chuyên nghiệp qua 38 bức ảnh
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Học cách sử dụng ánh sáng studio chuyên nghiệp qua 38 bức ảnh
1. The pictures in this article were shot on recent studio lighting workshops in 2011. They are previously unpublished and I wanted to share them with you. This shot of Marie – Francoise is lit with just one light, in one exposure! How did I do that? Have a think about it.
In lifestyle or reportage portraiture the environment completes the narrative. The story is all around the subject and the viewers eyes can wander the scene reading new information with each pass. In my studio I have abandoned the narrative to reveal just the subject in isolation. I’ve opted for purity of design. A sumptuous immersion into minimalist shape and tone. With everything in control – well, nearly.
2. The lovely Vicky Waghorn is always on hand to provide my studio models with make up and hairstyling.
My ideal studio is a black box. A space without stray light. Any light that exists is there because I put it there. With such control comes responsibilities. There are no external factors to blame when the lighting is poor.
3. I love simple pictures. One light shots.
4. Another one light shot taken using a single gridded beauty dish.
5. A second light added a splash of rim to this fun shot of Marie – Francoise.
When I have a six or seven light set up each light is rigged and set in turn. I start with the backlights. With all other lights switched off I set them to do exactly what I want. I then rig the kick light, the background lights, the fill light and finally the key or principal light. By isolating each light in turn I can concentrate on setting it just so. Finally with all lights switched on I take a frame and analyse the picture on the camera. The camera screen is a powerful tool it shows exactly what information is in the file. Or an 8 bit jpeg representation of the file to be exact. I use this image as a guide to adjust the power of my lights to give me the lighting balance that I want.
6. I used 3 lights for this simple image.
7. Five lights were used in all for this more formal look. All of them were fairly hard sources.
8. A bit more fun to lighten the moment. It is possible to have control and create dynamic images in the studio without the need for a soft box.
9. I used a bit of stage smoke to exaggerate this rock chick look. The dominant back lighting helped too.
10. We all had some fun with this smoke and lighting set up.
I never use or rely on a light meter in the studio because there is no ‘correct’ exposure in many of my images. My work can often be exposed over a three or four stop range with each setting rendering an acceptable image with a different characteristic. I do break rules, allow areas of peak white to sit alongside pure black. I don’t hanker after every pixel having a tone of discernible value between 1 and 254 on the eight bit levels scale. There are times when a print comprising perfectly rendered grey tones make it an object of desire. I first realised this when looking at Ansel Adams prints. The prints were somehow more important than the subject. A lone tree in an arid landscape had something of ‘so what’ about it but the print was amazing rendering every tiny detail. The subject is nearly irrelevant when the craft is this good. I liken the experience to listening to a virtuoso musician playing a musical scale. It can have a wow factor.
11. Another classic Lovegrove look. I absolutely adore near symmetry and wonderful light.
12. Blow me a kiss, blow me another.
13. This is the colour my grey studio wall becomes when lit through gel number 20
When I’m lost for inspiration I just switch off all the lights between three and nine via six. All the down stage lighting goes off. Usually this does the trick and magic is restored.
My studio shoot is a journey. I start with nothing rigged and make each shot from scratch. Building the lighting rig as I talk to my client. I study my subject well as I light them. Setting a light gives me an excuse to really look at them. The shape of their nose, the cut of their hair the asymmetry of their facial features etc. I am seriously hung up on detail. every strand of hair, the shade of the eye liner or the sheen in the skin is all under my scrutiny.
14. Hats, I love hats. We even give our models drinks on the go. Haha. The coffee cup is not a prop it’s for real.
15. Identical lighting to the shot above but shot from a different angle. My resting Venetian blind is the background and the light is coming from a single Lupo 1200 with a soft box.
16. A single Lupo 1200 with barn doors was used to create this shot. I teach how to use continuous light in my workshops because it is the future for sure.
17. Again this was taken with the Lupo and my magic water trick 🙂
18. A simply elegant and elegantly simple shot using 4 lights.
Once the shot is taken there is no going back. If I was to try and recreate it again the shot would be different. The mood of the moment would be lost and no matter how hard I tried the shot would show a different narrative. I watched Rankin on TV trying to recreate some original images by other photographers that inspired him. In quite a few of the shots, the original images had so much more about them. They were not the result of a technical exercise they were the result of one moment captured on a creative journey. Some of the originals were less perfect but it was often the lack of perfection that made them fabulous.
19. This rock chick look for Georgina was created with one light.
20. My Venetian blind and a Lupo 1200 was all I used for this shot.
21. Vicky has given Georgina a timeless look for this portrait. I used my magic water trick with my Lupo 1200 and I used the studio house lights as a contrast reducer.
22. A decent hair and make up artist really finishes off the look. Georgina looks sensational here.
I love to get it right in camera. Once it is captured I leave it pretty much as it was shot. I learned my trade shooting transparencies and there was no jiggery pokery with post production then. Somehow I think this will add value to my work in years to come when the plastic wrapped blemish free perfect skin and perfect body look of the naughties has run it’s course and looks dated.
My one light portraits rarely use one light. I nearly always have another light hitting the wall behind me as a fill light. This pumps light around the room and puts the shadow detail just above the noise in my image. It can always be dropped back to black later taking the noise down with it and this technique works just like Dolby noise reduction did on my audio cassettes in the 90s.
26. Georgina was lit here with just 3 upstage lights. It’s a fun shot to finish a studio workshop with.
I’m not a histogram shooter. I don’t use a highlight alert on my camera screen. I just guess an exposure check it and tweak it in. 1/3 of a stop accuracy is fine for me. That’s all the resolution my camera affords me and it keeps things simple. After a while shooting in manual mode and guessing the exposure I became a bit of a human light meter able to predict the exposure in just about any situation. This really is a useful thing as a photographer. It lets me work out my strategy before I pick up the camera. Will I need a monopod, will I shoot high ISO or let the shutter speed drop right down? If I want to shoot at f/2.8 will I need to use an ND filter and so on.
27. I showed how to create a circular gradient background using just one gel. Having 36 hues in the Lovegrove collection and a vast number of luminance values to hand means it’s easy to match clothing. This was my first shoot with Chloe Tweedie from Gingersnap agency in Bristol.
28. The Lupo 1200 and my Venetian blind again.
29. Shot through the blind.
30. I used a Lupo 1200 and a Chimera softbox for this shot of Chloe Tweedie.
When I tell my delegates on a studio lighting workshop that my studio is an f/11 studio they hardly believe what they are hearing. I say “set your camera to ISO 100, 1/125th second and f/11. You won’t be far out for any of the straight flash images here”. I can shoot the whole day in the studio without touching my camera settings. If I find a light is a bit bright I will pull it back a bit or turn the power down a bit. It is quite an organic process relying on the camera screen all the time. I will zoom in to check the seams in a pair of jeans or the sheen on a black leather jacket. I will look at the life and vitality in my clients skin and tweak the lighting as required. By going through this process I’m not just looking at light level in the way a light meter could do I’m looking at the captured image and the balance of the elements. Once the technical check is done and adjustments made I concentrate 100% on my client. I don’t need to refer to a shot unless I think it is ‘the one’, a keeper. In that case I check eyes, pose, and the story in the image before moving on.
31. This was taken with the same lighting as the shot above but taken from a different angle.
32. One Lupo with barn doors created this classic look.
33. As above
34. After the minimalist one light continuous light shoot we went back to multi flash set ups.
35. It was time for some fun with a hat.
My favourite wall in my studio is painted with Dulux Ice Storm 2 paint. I spent ages researching the ideal and there you have the result of all that effort. I have a near white corner too at the other end. The other panels of colour and wall paper in the studio are changed regularly. I currently have a panel of Wickes ‘Aqua’ and four drops of an Osbourne and Little wall paper. Paint is great because I can change the colour at will to almost any shade imaginable for under £10 and in half an hour (plus drying time).
36. Vogue style of an era.
37. And a bit of pin up wow because we can. With great lighting any genre can come alive.
I’m tending to use continuous light more and more now in my studio. I use a pair of fabulous new HMI lights from Lupo. I have an 800 spot and a 1200 spot plus a Chimera soft box for them. Occasionally I just use the modeling lights in my flash heads just as I did with 800 ISO film in the 1990s. As modern cameras have nearly no grain at ISO 800 the punchy gritty monochromes I used to shoot with continuous light have been replaced with perfect, clean imagery. Some say it allows the subject to live without the print having an influence on it. Im not sure about that, all I know is i like my canon 5d mk2 at ISO 1600 because the images start to have a discernible character.
38. Great lighting makes timeless pictures.